25.8 C
New York
Saturday - June 22,2024

Navigating the Complexities: Legal Guidelines for Minors Closing Stores

In the bustling world of businesses, we get to see too many young minds who are eager to learn and grow constantly enthusiastically to enter the workforce. 

Young minds bring with them their enthusiasm! Those with fresh perspectives may not be aware of how 2023 has already increased focus and enforcement activity in terms of respect to wage and hour laws applicable to minors. 

While employing minors is a typical and valuable practice, it comes with its fair share of legal complexities. Business owners need to ensure the nurturing of these young talents is a priority. Also, making sure to ensure their well-being and safety, and that their working conditions are in adherence to the law is essential. 

However, this article aims to provide compassionate guidance to fellow businesses. It also helps you to understand the intricate regulations surrounding about can a minor close a store. It also helps you understand how to create a nurturing environment where both business objectives and the personal growth of these young employees harmoniously coexist.

Understanding the Legal Age of Employment

You know what? It is not as complicated as it sounds! Under federal law, the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) sets the minimum age for employment at 14 years for non-hazardous jobs in retail. However, state laws may vary, so it’s crucial to check local regulations.

As well as when it comes to FLSA, they also govern the number of hours minors under 16 can work. Knowing the legal employment age for your state is the first step in compliantly staffing your retail outlet.

The Role of Minors in Retail Stores

With 24.1% of retail workers under 25 years old in 2016, minors have a significant presence in the sector.

They often work cash registers, stock shelves, bag purchases, and close-up shops.

However, federal and state laws restrict the types of duties and hours minors can work due to safety and well-being concerns. Understanding these limitations enables proper shift planning from the side of management.

Vibrant young minds who are under the age of 25 play a vital role, constituting 24.1% of the workforce even back in 2016. These enthusiastic minor mindsets are often found managing cash registers, organizing shelves, assisting customers with their purchases, and even dutifully closing up shop. 

But, we must be aware that federal and state laws have set specific boundaries to safeguard their safety and well-being. This can be done by understanding and respecting these limitations. We can also make sure to plan their shifts thoughtfully. In doing this, we also should ensure a nurturing environment that allows them to learn and thrive while also adhering to legal requirements.

Legal Guidelines for Minors Closing Stores

There are specific regulations that are applied when minors close stores alone. A few key considerations are covered below:

Working Hours 

As said earlier Federal law prohibits those under 16 from working after 7 pm. Many states impose stricter limits.


When it comes to the safety of these super enthusiastic young minds, it is important to make sure of safety. Minors may be vulnerable when closing alone, hence OSHA guidelines recommend hazard training regarding this.


As it is known that they will become ready for anything and everything they see, instead of thinking practically. Hence most states require supervision of minors working past 7 pm. Along with this, staffing impact must be considered.

Adhering to these guidelines ensures the safety of young workers closing stores and overall compliance with labor regulations.

Case Study: Dollar Tree Lawsuit

In 2016, Dollar Tree paid $475,000 in penalties after a Maine investigation found minors worked prohibited hours, operated hazardous equipment, and closed stores alone.

This case highlights the legal risks of insufficient supervision and non-compliance with child labor laws around closing duties.

Consequences of Non-compliance

Violating the federal Wage and Hour Division (WHD) enforces child labor provisions of the FLSA can lead to the following consequences:

Back Pay 

Confused, back pay means employers may owe minimum wage and overtime pay if minors worked unauthorized hours. 


WHD can impose civil money penalties of up to $15,138 per violation of any of the rules.


Violating the federal wage and hour division may also lead minors and families can sue for damages like in the Dollar Tree case.

Non-compliance with labor regulations also puts minors at physical and emotional risk when closing stores alone without proper precautions.

Best Practices for Employing Minors

Industries like food services, retail, arts, entertainment, and recreation see the highest number of young workers. However, making sure to follow the rules and best practices for hiring minors is important. A few key points to remember are given below:

  • You have to make sure to consult WHD guidelines and local laws to set compliant working hours for young workers.

  • You should try to conduct safety training for recognizing hazards like robbery and slick floors for workers under a certain age limit as per the rules and practices of the government.

  • You also need to make sure to schedule properly trained adult employees to supervise store closing.

  • Additionally, you can also try to create feedback channels for minors to voice concerns over closing duties.

  • Also, you need to make sure to document diligent compliance efforts like training logs and work schedules.

Adopting these practices shows a commitment to the well-being of young workers. It also mitigates the risk of lawsuits and penalties for non-compliance.

Frequently Asked Questions 

What are the penalties if a minor closes a store alone illegally?

As per the WHD fines of up to $15,138 per violation against employers who have minors close stores alone illegally. Lawsuits are also possible if violations jeopardize a minor’s safety.

How can businesses ensure compliance with minor closing laws?

businesses ensure compliance by reviewing federal and local labor laws. They can also train managers and schedule shifts accordingly. Maintaining document compliance efforts and creating feedback channels for minor employees.

What should minors do if asked to close stores alone illegally?

You can politely try to explain they are unable to close alone by law. You can also contact WHD or the local labor department to report violations confidentially if pressured to close stores improperly.

Final Thoughts

As we know, the presence of eager young minds brings both promise and responsibility. Being business owners it is our responsibility as well to cherish and nurture these young talents, ensuring their safety, growth, and compliance with the law. 

You can try to understand the legal complexities surrounding minors closing stores, we can plan their shifts thoughtfully and create a nurturing environment.

You can get familiar with the best practices and with fostering open communication with minors allowing us to empower them while upholding their well-being and rights. This helps us to together build a future of growth in the retail sector. 

Already doing it? Well, then let us know in the comments below. 


Related posts