Chapter 171 of the Texas Tax Code

chapter 171 of the texas tax code


Chapter 171 of the Texas Tax Code, also known as the Texas Franchise Tax, is a critical aspect for businesses operating in Texas. This article aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of its components, implications, and compliance requirements.

Overview of Chapter 171 of the Texas Tax Code

Definition and Purpose

Chapter 171 governs the franchise tax—a state tax levied on certain businesses for the privilege of conducting business in Texas. It applies to corporations, LLCs, partnerships, and other business entities.

Key Provisions in Chapter 171

Tax Base and Rate

The franchise tax is calculated based on a business’s “margin,” which can be computed in several ways. The tax rate varies based on the type of business and certain financial thresholds.

Filing Requirements

Businesses subject to this tax must file annual reports and tax payments to the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts.

Compliance and Calculation

Determining Tax Liability

Guidelines for calculating the tax base include considering total revenue and applying the appropriate deductions, exemptions, or credits.

Filing Process

Businesses must file their franchise tax reports either electronically or through paper forms, adhering to the specified deadlines.

Exemptions and Deductions

Qualifying for Exemptions

Certain businesses may be exempt from the franchise tax or qualify for a lower tax rate, depending on factors like revenue thresholds and business type.

Available Deductions

The code allows various deductions, including compensation and cost of goods sold, which can significantly impact the tax amount due.


Q1: What types of businesses are subject to Chapter 171 franchise tax? A1: Most entities like corporations, LLCs, and partnerships are subject to this tax.

Q2: How is the franchise tax rate determined? A2: The rate depends on business type and revenue, with specific rates outlined in the code.

Q3: Are there penalties for non-compliance? A3: Yes, failure to comply can result in penalties and interest on unpaid taxes.

Q4: Can businesses file for an extension on franchise tax reporting? A4: Yes, extensions are available, but specific conditions apply.


Chapter 171 of the Texas Tax Code plays a vital role in business operations in Texas. Understanding its nuances is crucial for compliance and optimal financial planning. This guide serves as a starting point for businesses to navigate the complexities of the Texas Franchise Tax.

By Allan Butcher